Epidemiology of recurrent anterior cruciate ligament injuries according to sport type


  • Khalid Mohammed Sunbol Department of Orthopaedics, East Jeddah General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Marwa Fahad Alsuwaidan Department of Orthopaedics, King Salman Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulwahab Yahya Huraysi College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Yahia Abdullah Elsharif College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Basil Abdulrahman Alsuwaine College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulhadi Abdullah Alkhalifah College of Medicine, Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed Jamal Almunaikh Department of Orthopaedics, Al Razi Orthopedic Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait
  • Jawad Najeeb Almarzooq College of Medicine, King Faisal University, AlAhsa, Saudi Arabia
  • Fahad Saleh Almutairi Department of General Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed Abdulaziz Kattan Department of Internal Medicine, International Medical Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed Ahmed Alghamdi College of Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland




Anterior, Cruciate, Ligament, Recurrent, Prevalence


The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the two cruciate ligaments that helps to strengthen the knee joint. It is a common knee injury, which often occurs in sports players. There is no bias against age or gender; however, it has been suggested in literature that women are at increased risk of secondary ACL injury. These injuries can have serious consequences for an injured athlete, including high medical costs, long off playing time, and an elevated chance of developing early osteoarthritis. Recurrent ACL injuries are described as injuries that occur in the same knee which has been previously treated. A recurrent ACL may be the result of a severe injury to the same position, graft failure, or an improper surgical procedure. Studies have reported significant prevalence of recurrent ACL. The purpose of this research is to review the available information about the epidemiology of recurrent ACL injuries. Athletes returning to sports field within two years of injury have higher chance of recurrent ACL injury. Variable prevalence of recurrent ACL injuries is reported in literature and limited studies are available. The young age, high level of exposure to physical activity, and the use of allograft all increase the chances of further ACL injury. Future population-based epidemiological studies can be beneficial and are need of time.


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How to Cite

Sunbol, K. M., Alsuwaidan, M. F., Huraysi, A. Y., Elsharif, Y. A., Alsuwaine, B. A., Alkhalifah, A. A., Almunaikh, M. J., Almarzooq, J. N., Almutairi, F. S., Kattan, M. A., & Alghamdi, M. A. (2022). Epidemiology of recurrent anterior cruciate ligament injuries according to sport type. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 9(9), 3595–3598. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20222087



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