Knowledge, awareness and practice of oral health care among diabetes mellitus patients in Chennai population
Keywords:Attitudes, Diabetes mellitus, Knowledge, Oral health, Periodontitis, Practice
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common chronic disease with an increasing prevalence, affecting general and oral health, with plethora of oral manifestations. There is a threefold increase in the predominance and severity of periodontitis in patients with diabetes, especially in those with poor metabolic control. Hence, this study aimed to explore the knowledge and awareness of oral health care among diabetic mellitus patients in Chennai population. The objective was to assess their attitudes and practices towards sustaining good oral health through proper oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups.
Methods: A questionnaire-based study was conducted to determine the knowledge and awareness of oral health care among DM patients in Chennai at Health care centers from January to June 2022. The sample size included questionnaires from 500 patients. The questionnaire was prepared, first in English, and then, it was translated into local language i.e., Tamil to collect the data.
Results: The chi-square test was used to see the significance of participant’s awareness of oral complications associated with diabetes. There was a strong statistical significance relationship with respect to oral health knowledge among different age groups (p<0.05).
Conclusions: Diabetes mellitus may be regarded as one of the most dreaded and silent epidemic health problem in the immediate future, especially in the developing countries. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to know about the increased risk of oral diseases in diabetes mellitus.
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