DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20221251

Socio-demographic determinants of open defecation in rural parts of Bhopal city

Garima Namdev, Sachin Gupta, Vinod Narkhede, Pradeep K. Tiwari

Abstract


Background: Open defecation (OD) is still prevalent in many parts of India in spite of launching Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) by central government. So, this programme is extended to achieve the target of open defecation free (ODF) India. To determine the prevalence of open defection and associated socio-demographic factors.

Methods: A total 1000 study participants were included for study in the rural field practice area of medical college which was carried out for the duration of one year. A pre-designed, pre-tested questionnaire was chosen as a tool for data collection. Binary logistic regression analysis was applied to show the association between OD and socio-demographic factors using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) 23 version.

Results: The prevalence of OD was 27.7% and factors such as age, education, occupation, socio economic status (SES), marital status and type of family were found significantly associated with it.

Conclusions: OD is more commonly prevalent (27.7%) in rural area in present study. This practice is associated with various socio demographic factors and age, education, occupation, SES, marital status and type of family were found significant predictors for OD.


Keywords


Open defecation, Socio economic status, Swachh Bharat Mission

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Guidelines on sanitation and health. 2018. Available at: http://apps. who.int/iris. Accessed on 15 January 2022.

Rani B, Yadav A, Jha SK, Punia A, Singh S. Prevalence of open defecation among households with toilets and associated factors in rural areas of district Sonepat in Haryana. Environ Dis. 2020;5:87-92.

Taranum A, Reddy S, Muntazeem MG, Kurre B, Factors associated with open air defecation in a rural field practice area of a medical college:a cross sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2020;7:909-13.

World Health Organization. Fast facts: Water Sanitation Hygiene. Available at: https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/ monitoring/jmp2012/fast_facts/en/. Accessed on 11 December 2018.

Guidelines for Swach Bharat Mission (Gramin). Ministry of drinking water and sanitation, Government of India. Available at: https://mdws.gov.in/sites/default/files/Complete%20set%20guidelines_1.pdf Accessed on 11 October 2018.

Seth P. The NFHS – 5 Sanitation Story: Case for moving from Access to Adoption. The Indian Economic Journal. 2021;1-7.

SBM II operational guidelines, Ministry of drinking water and sanitation. Govt. of India. 2020;19.

Coffey D, Gupta A, Hathi P, Khurana N, Srivastav N, Vyas S, Spears D, et al. “Changes in open defecation in rural north India: 2014 -2018” working paper Research Institute for compassionate Economics (RICE). Available at: www.squatreport.in. Accessed on 07 January 2019.

Panda PS, Chandrakar A, Soni GP. Prevalence of open air defecation and awareness and practices of sanitary latrine usage in a rural village of Raipur district. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:3279-82.

Vasudevan S, Nallasamy S, Loganathan A. Determinants of open-air defecation in rural Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2020;7:512-6.

Kumar L, Kumar PL, Kumar D, Kumar J, Kumar S. Study of factors associated with open defecation in a rural area of Nalanda District. IAIM. 2017;4(8):64-7.

Anuradha R, Dutta, Raja JD, Lawrence D, Timsi J, Sivaprakasam P. Role of community in swachhbharat mission: their knowledge, attitude and practices of sanitary latrine usage in rural areas, Tamil Nadu IJCM. 2017;42:107-10.

Bedi R, Verma N, Agiwal V, Chaudhary M, Rao D. Knowledge, awareness and practices of sanitary latrine usage under Swachh Bharat Mission in a rural area of Ajmer district, Rajasthan: A cross sectional study. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2020;9(10):54-7.

Bhardwaj A, Surana A, Mithra P, Singh A, Panesar S, Chikkara P. A Community based cross sectional study on use of sanitary latrines in a rural set up in Maharashtra. Healthline. 2013;4(1):89-93.

Geeta J, Kumar SS. Open defecation: awareness & practices of rural districts of Tamil Nadu, India. IJSR. 2014;3(5):537-8.

Shanker H, Singh GP, Singh P. Correlates of open defecation practices among general population in rural area of Varanasi, India. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2013;44(3):122-7.

Banerjee AB, Pasha MAM, Fatima A, Isaac E. A study of open air defecation practice in rural nandivargam village. Int J Bioassays. 2013;2(07):1051-4.

Kumar R, Sinha SP. Sociocultural determinants of open defecation in rural households of Perambalur district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2019;6:1594-7.

Yogananth N, Bhatnagar T. Prevalence of open defecation among households with toilets and associated factors in rural south India: an analytic cross sectional study. Transactions Royal Society Tropical Med Hygiene. 2018;85(2):349-60.