Substance abuse among the medical students in Central India: an observational study
Keywords:Substance abuse, Alcohol, Smoking, MBBS students
Background: Substance abuse is a pandemic among adults. We carried out this study to know the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use among II prof MBBS students. The objective was to know the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use among II prof MBBS students.
Methods: An observational study aimed find out the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco abuse. During the period of January 2015 to October 2015 and 100 student from 2nd professional of a medical college from Central India were interviewed using semi structured interview schedules for students.
Results: Total students in our study that ever tried alcohol smoking was 62%, among which 47% continued and 53% discontinued. Among 100 participants 55 were male and 45 were female. Out of 100 student 62 were tried alcohol/smoking once in their life time. 13 students were exposed to substance abuse at during their school life, 7 were started during preparation of medical entrance and 42 were started it after coming to college. 12 participants were who were regular using alcohol were belong to family where either one or both parents were doctors among them. Most of the participants were influenced by their friends, 27% were started it for their own gratitude and 9.6% were have seen their family members. 21% participant were involved in indisciplinary activities.
Conclusions: The substance abuse is highly prevalent among youngster and the prevalence of substance abuse among female were also significant which is highly alarming situation.
Hoggatt KJ, Lehavot K, Krenek M, Schweizer CA, Simpson T. Prevalence of substance misuse among US veterans in the general population. Am J Addict. 2017; 26(4): 357-65.
Dadwani RS, Thomas T. Prevalence of substance abuse: a community based study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;3(3):647-50.
Cook S, Turner NE, Ballon B, Paglia-Boak A, Murray R, Adlaf EM, et al. Problem gambling among Ontario students: associations with substance abuse, mental health problems, suicide attempts, and delinquent behaviours. J Gambl Stud. 2015;31(4):1121-34.
Babalola EO, Ogunwale A, Akinhanmi A. Pattern of psychoactive substance use among university students in South-Western Nigeria. J Behav Health. 2013;2(4):334-42.
Tesfaye G, Derese A, Hambisa MT. Substance use and associated factors among university students in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. J Addict. 2014;1:1-8.
Shahbazi F, Mirtorabi SD, Ghadirzadeh MR, Hashemi-Nazari SS, Barzegar A. Characterizing mortality from substance abuse in Iran: An epidemiological study during March 2014 to February 2015. Addict Health. 2017;9(3):166-74.
Archer KR, Seebach CL, Mathis SL, Riley LH, Wegener ST. Early postoperative fear of movement predicts pain, disability, and physical health six months after spinal surgery for degenerative conditions. Spine J. 2014;14(5):759-67.
Arora A, Kannan S, Gowri S, Choudhary S, Sudarasanan S, Khosla P. Substance abuse amongst the medical graduate students in a developing country. Indian J Med Res. 2016;143(1):101-3.
Schulenberg JE, Patrick ME. Historical and developmental patterns of alcohol and drug use among college students: framing the problem. Am Psychol Assoc. 2012:13-35.
Noorbala A, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Mohammad K. The validation of general health questionnaire- 28 as a psychiatric screening tool. Hakim Res J. 2009;11(4):47-53.
Rojas JI, Jeon-Slaughter H, Brand M, Koos E. Substance abuse patterns and psychiatric symptomatology among three healthcare provider groups evaluated in an out-patient program for impaired healthcare professionals. J Addict Dis. 2013;32(1):99-107.
Padhy GK, Das S, Sahu T, Parida S. Prevalence and causes of substance abuse among undergraduate medical college students. Indian Med Gazette. 2014:276-82.
Kumari R, Nath B. Study on the use of tobacco among male medical students in Lucknow, India. Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(2):100-3.
Chatterjee T, Haldar D, Mallik S, Sarkar GN, Das S, Lahiri SK. A study on habits of tobacco use among medical and non-medical students of Kolkata. Lung India. 2011;28(1):5-10.
Arora A, Kannan S, Gowri S, Choudhary S, Sudarasanan S, Khosla PP. Substance abuse amongst the medical graduate students in a developing country. Indian J Med Res. 2016;143(1):101-3.