Effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding acute respiratory tract infections among mothers of under five children in selected rural area

Sujata ., Rohitash Kumar, Reema Kumari


Background: Acute respiratory tract infections cause the death of 4 million children under the age of 5 (annually). The factors of acute respiratory tract infections can be grouped into two categories, namely host and environment. Host includes factors such as malnutrition, immunization status, vitamin A deficiency, absence of breast-feeding, low birth weight and young age.

Methods: Quasi experimental one group pre-test-post-test research design was adopted to conduct the study among 45 mothers of under five children residing in Mati, Rural area of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, who matched the inclusion criteria were selected through non-probability purposive sampling technique. On first day one pre-test followed by structured teaching programme was conducted and after seventh day post-test was taken. The data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: The results revealed that the mean post-test knowledge score was higher than mean pre-test knowledge score with standard deviation 15.31±1.84 and 7.06±1.25 respectively. The improvement of knowledge score is the mean difference of 8.25 which shows that there was a significant change in knowledge level of mothers of under five children.

Conclusions: The study concluded that the structured teaching programme was effective in improving the level of knowledge regarding acute respiratory tract infections among mothers of under five children.


Acute respiratory tract infections, Effectiveness, Knowledge, Mothers of under five children, Rural area, Structured Teaching Programme

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