An assessment of knowledge of basic research methods among primary health care workers in Riyadh region


  • Amirah Abdulmohsen Al-Rossais Department of Public Health, General Directorate of Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Shibli Sayeed Department of Public Health, General Directorate of Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammad Shibly Khan King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Hospital, Central First Health Cluster, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Malak Ayedh Al-Qahtani Department of Public Health, General Directorate of Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Aedh Nasser Bin Fardan Department of Public Health, General Directorate of Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia



Attitude, Health care professionals, Knowledge, Medical research, Primary care, Saudi Arabia


Background: The knowledge of and attitude towards medical research among health care staff is an important factor in delivering health care services. We aimed to assess the knowledge of basic research methods and the attitude towards medical research among health care professionals.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the health care professionals working in primary care (including physicians, nursing staff, public health professionals and other paramedical staff). A pre designed, structured, closed ended, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data.

Results: A great majority (80%) showed interest in participating in a research if offered opportunity. Most of the attitude items had the highest proportion (>80%) of positive response whereas the knowledge items ranged from as low as 14% (awareness of reference management) to as high as 56% (correct knowledge of consent). Although the proportion of correct responses among the physicians was higher in almost all the knowledge items, as compared to nursing and other heath staff but this difference was not observed to be statistically significant (p>0.05).

Conclusions: While majority of the participants had good attitude towards medical research, their knowledge was found to be low in basic research methodology.


U. S. Food and Drug Administration. Fact sheet: Drug recalls. Available at: Accessed on 18 October 2021.

Gibbs CL, Lowton K. The role of the clinical research nurse. Nursing Standard. 2012;26(27):37-41.

Jahan S, Al-Saigul AM. Primary health care research in Saudi Arabia: A quantitative analysis. Int J Health Sci (Qassim). 2017;11(2):9-15.

Khalaf AJ, Aljowder AI, Buhamaid MJ, Alansari MF, Jassim GA. Attitudes and barriers towards conducting research amongst primary care physicians in Bahrain: a cross-sectional study. BMC Fam Pract. 2019;20(1):1-5.

Jahan S, Al-Saigul AM, Suliman AA. Attitudes to statistics in primary health care physicians, Qassim province. Prim Health Care Res Develop. 2016;17(4):405-14.

Jahan S, Henary B. Attitudes of primary health care physician managers toward research: a pre-experimental study. Austral J Prim Health. 2013;19(2):171-6.

Al-Abdullateef SH. A survey of the attitude and practice of research among doctors in Riyadh military hospital primary care centers, Saudi Arabia. J Fam Commun Med. 2012;19(1):38.

Rosemann T, Szecsenyi J. General practitioners' attitudes towards research in primary care: qualitative results of a cross sectional study. BMC Fam Pract. 2004;5(1):31.

Hummers-Pradier E, Scheidt-Nave C, Martin H, Heinemann S, Kochen MM, Himmel W. Simply no time? Barriers to GPs' participation in primary health care research. Fam Pract. 2008;25(2):105-12.

Salmon P, Peters S, Rogers A, Gask L, Clifford R, Iredale W, et al. Peering through the barriers in GPs' explanations for declining to participate in research: the role of professional autonomy and the economy of time. Fam Pract. 2007;24(3):269-75.

Johnston S, Liddy C, Hogg W, Donskov M, Russell G, Gyorfi-Dyke E. Barriers and facilitators to recruitment of physicians and practices for primary care health services research at one centre. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010;10(1):109.

Omolase CO, Egberongbe AA, Komolafe OO, Olasinde AA, Omolase BO, Adeosun OA. Practice of bio-medical research amongst doctors in Owo. South Afr Fam Pract. 2015;57(2):112-5.

Sumi E, Murayama T, Yokode M. A survey of attitudes toward clinical research among physicians at Kyoto University Hospital. BMC Med Educ. 2009;9(1):75.

Aksoy HB, Arici MA, Ucku R, Gelal A. Nurses' knowledge, attitudes and opinions towards clinical research: a cross-sectional study in a university hospital. J Basic Clinic Health Sci. 2018;2(2):38-44.

AbuRuz ME, Hayeah HA, Al-Dweik G, Al-Akash HY. Knowledge, attitudes, and practice about evidence-based practice: a Jordanian study. Health Sci J. 2017;11(2):1.

Darawad MW, Alhussami RNM, Sa'aleek MA, Ateeq RNEA, Samarkandi OA, Al-Anati A. Nursing faculty members' attitudes and perceived barriers toward conducting scientific research: a descriptive study from Saudi Arabia. Int J Caring Sci. 2018;11(2):1192-203.

Alqahtani N, Oh KM, Kitsantas P, Rodan M. Nurses' evidence‐based practice knowledge, attitudes and implementation: A cross‐sectional study. J Clinic Nursing. 2020;29(1-2):274-83.

Jahan F, AlMaqbali A, Siddiqui MA, Al Zadjali NM. Attitude and barrier towards research amongst health care professionals working in primary care service of Oman. J Health Educ Res Develop. 2015:1-5.

Al-Rossais AA, Sayeed S, Khan MS, Jaber AAB, Al-Qahtani MA, Fardan AB. Previous involvement in research and knowledge regarding basic research methods among doctors working at primary care in central region, Saudi Arabia. Mater Sociomed. 2020;32(4):263-6.




How to Cite

Al-Rossais, A. A., Sayeed, S., Khan, M. S., Al-Qahtani, M. A., & Fardan, A. N. B. (2021). An assessment of knowledge of basic research methods among primary health care workers in Riyadh region. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 8(12), 5777–5781.



Original Research Articles