Caregivers’ perception and reported challenges experienced by children affected with nocturnal enuresis in Ibadan, Nigeria
Keywords:Caregivers, Children, Nocturnal enuresis
Background: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is bedwetting (BW) at night; it is a childhood problem that involves a large number of children. However, the study aimed at investigating caregivers’ perception, and challenges experienced by the children affected with NE in Ibadan, Nigeria.
Methods: The study utilized a descriptive case study to explore caregivers’ perceptions and challenges of NE on children and families using a multistage sampling technique to select 309 respondents. A semi-structured questionnaire was used in collecting data for this study and descriptive analysis statistics and Chi-square test were used for the analysis.
Results: The results showed that 86.5% perceived NE as a psychological problem, and 83.3% perceived that bedwetting can be a result of the spiritual spell, NE as a source of shame (87.3%), bedwetting as a serious behavioural problem (94.4%) and teenage bedwetting as abnormal (94.8%). The study also that that 35.7% of the children exhibited unruly attitudes, 23.8% were bullied, 100.0% felt nervous most times, 39.7% felt intimidated, and 47.6% will rather keep to themselves by not socializing.
Conclusions: The occurrence of nocturnal enuresis was high among children above ten years of age. Almost all caregivers perceived nocturnal enuresis as negative to the family. Hence, there is a need to design health promotion programs aimed at addressing these challenges and empowering both children and caregivers in the process for the resolution of the problem.
Caldwell PHY. Bed-wetting in older children, and young adults is common and treatable. The conversation. 2016. Available from: https://theconversation.com/bed-wetting-in-older-children-and-young-adults-is-common-and-treatable-60248. Accessed on 20 August 2021.
Alhifthy EH, Habib L, Abu Al-Makarem A, AlGhamdi M, Alsultan D, Aldhamer F, et al. Prevalence of nocturnal enuresis among Saudi children population. Cureus. 2020;12(1):e6662.
Dolgun G, Savaser S, Balci S, Yazici S. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis, and Related Factors in Children Aged 5-13 in Istanbul. Iran J Pediatr. 2012;22(2):205-12.
Kuforiji NB. Prevalence of zresis in children between 5, and 12 years in Idikan, Ibadan, Oyo State. 2008.
Esezobor CI, Balogun MR. Nigerian parents can harbour harmful views about the causes and treatment of childhood enuresis that result in child abuse. Acta Paediatr. 2016;105(8):e379-83.
EI Said AS, Ghafor Mohammady EA, EI Hamady MM, Abel Aal AM, Omar HR. Sleep pattern; in Egyptian children. with nocturnal enuresis. Benha Med J. 2018;35:24-7
Arulogun OS, Adelekan AL, Olaseha IO. Are Women dying from pregnancy related issues????: Perceptions of Local Government Legislators in Ibadan Nigeria on maternal mortality and strategies for its reduction. Int J Collab Res Intern Med Public Health. 2012;4(2):153-65.
Nevéus T. Nocturnal enuresis-theoretic background and practical guidelines. Pediatr Nephrol. 2011;26(8):1207-14.
Rouse ML, Fishbein LB, Minshawi NF, Fodstad JC. Historical development of toilet training. In: Matson JL, ed. Clinical guide to toilet training children. Springer International Publishing; 2017:1-18.
Mohammed AH, Saleh AG, Al Zoheiry I. Frequency of bedwetting among primary school children in Benha city, Egypt. Egyptian J Med Hum Genet. 2014;15(3):287-92.
Elbahnasawy HT, Elnagar MA. Psychological impact of nocturnal enuresis on self-esteem of school children. Am J Nurs Res. 2015;3(1):14-20.
Shepard JA, Poler Jr JE, Grabman JH. Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for pediatric elimination disorders. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2017;46(6):767-97.
Mendhekar DN, Andrade C. Risperidone-related reversal of primary enuresis: an unusual case report. World J Biol Psychiatr. 2010;11(2-2):514-5.
Savaşer S, Beji NK, Aslan E, Gözen D. The prevalence of diurnal urinary incontinence and enuresis and quality of life: sample of school. J Urol Nephrol. 2018;15(4).
Yamane T. Statistics: An Introductory Analysis. 3rd ed. Harper and Row: New York; 1973.