Published: 2021-08-27

Self-efficacy of online learning among nursing students during COVID-19 pandemic

Surya Kant Tiwari, Saumya P. Srivastava


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to unprecedented effect over the nursing education. First time exposure of the nursing students with the digital learning has raised a question regarding their self-efficacy in navigating the online courses effectively. This study aimed to assess the self- efficacy of online learning among nursing students during Covid-19 pandemic.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted between May to June 2021 to assess the self-efficacy of online learning among nursing students in India. Data collection was done through Google forms that was sent to all the potential respondents through email, messenger and whatsapp. Online learning self-efficacy scale (OLSES) was used for assessing the efficacy of online learning.

Results: Online survey was completed by 332 nursing students from various nursing colleges of Uttar Pradesh and New Delhi, India. Majority (81.6%) of the participants were female. Nearly half (50.9%) of them were satisfied with the online classes. Maximum (77.4%) had poor self- efficacy scores in learning domain. Only 77 (23.2%) of students had overall good online learning self-efficacy.

Conclusions: The study revealed that majority of the nursing students had poor overall as well as domain wise online learning self-efficacy scores, which highlights the need for urgent identification of possible predictors. Appropriate skill-based trainings should be designed and provided to the students before exposing them to the online learning. This will aid them in gaining confidence and mastery in the skill of navigating the online courses.


Self- efficacy, Online learning, Nursing education, COVID-19 Pandemic, Nursing students

Full Text:



H L, Cw S, Yw T. Outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China: The mystery and the miracle. J Med Virol. 2020;92(4).

Cucinotta D, Vanelli M. WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic. Acta Bio-Medica Atenei Parm. 2020;91(1):157-60.

Agu CF, Stewart J, McFarlane-Stewart N, Rae T. Int Nurs Rev. 2021;68(2):153-8.

Preysi C, K SN, G S, Heena D. COVID-19 in India- Impact and mitigation strategies. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2021;14(2).

Rice WL, Mateer TJ, Reigner N, Newman P, Lawhon B, Taff BD. Changes in recreational behaviors of outdoor enthusiasts during the COVID-19 pandemic: analysis across urban and rural communities. J Urban Ecol. 2020;6(1).

Barriers and facilitators to online medical and nursing education during the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from international students from low- and middle-income countries and their teaching staff | Human Resources for Health. 2020. 86/s12960-021-00609-9. Accessed on 23rd June, 2021. Accessed on 23rd June, 2021

What is Self-Efficacy Theory in Psychology? - https://positivepsycholo Accessed on 23rd June, 2021.

Assessing the knowledge, skills and effectiveness of e-learning among medical graduates amongst the COVID-19 pandemic, Singamsetty. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health. 2020;7(12):4833-8.

Perception towards Online Classes during COVID-19 among Nursing Students of a Medical College of Kaski District, Nepal. articles/jbres1151.php. Accessed on 23rd June, 2021.

Sharma K, Deo G, Timalsina S, Joshi A, Shrestha N, Neupane HC. Online Learning in the Face of COVID-19 Pandemic: Assessment of Students’ Satisfaction at Chitwan Medical College of Nepal. Kathmandu Univ Med J. 2020;18(70):40-7.

Dost S, Hossain A, Shehab M, Abdelwahed A, Al-Nusair L. Perceptions of medical students towards online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national cross-sectional survey of 2721 UK medical students. BMJ Open. 2020;10(11):e042378.

Panda DS, Gamal M, Zafar A, Parambi DGT, Senapati AK, Patro SK, et al. RESEARCH ARTICLE: A study on the effectiveness of online teaching in pharmacy education from teacher and student perspectives during the COVID-19 pandemic. Pharm Educ. 2020;297-301.