Published: 2021-05-25

Acceptability of a second lockdown in Western India: anniversary of lockdown one

Shibal Bhartiya, Nishant Kumar


Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of the inhabitants of the urban slums in Mumbai, Maharashtra, regarding re-imposition of a lockdown.

Methods: This cross-sectional, voluntary, questionnaire-based study was conducted in an urban slum in October, 2020. Questions were designed to elicit responses about COVID-19 awareness, acceptability of lockdown, including travel restrictions, closure of schools, colleges, and places of worship. Median and range were calculated for continuous variables, while categorical variables were represented as frequency and percentages. P value<0.05 was statistically significant.

Results: A total of 1342 adult respondents (710 females, 632 males), were included in this questionnaire-based analysis. Most respondents believed awareness about COVID-19 was adequate, the younger population more in agreement with statement. 77.4% of the respondents believed that authorities should restrict travel to and from COVID-19 hotspot areas, while 81% said colleges and schools should be closed. Interestingly, 80.5% of the respondents supported closure of temples and mosques, while 75.7% supported a citywide lockdown with cases rising, and 7.6% were against it. The significant positive associations for lockdown included younger age, higher education, higher and income. Retired people were least likely to agree with the restrictions of a lockdown.

Conclusions: While majority of urban slum inhabitants in Mumbai agree with the need for a lockdown in case of increase in COVID-19 cases, it is important to continue culturally targeted risk communication, along with implementation of social justice-oriented policies.


Second wave COVID-19, Lockdown reimposition, KAP in urban slum

Full Text:



Yadav AK. Impact of lockdown to control over Novel Coronavirus and COVID-19 in India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2020;9(10):5142-7.

Hargreaves JR, Logie CH. Lifting lockdown policies: A critical moment for COVID-19 stigma. Glob Public Health. 2020;15(12):1917-23.

Ferraresi M, Kotsogiannis C, Rizzo L, Secomandi R. The 'Great Lockdown' and its determinants. Econ Lett. 2020;197:109628.

Verma BK, Verma M, Verma VK, Abdullah RB, Nath DC, Khan HTA, et al. Global lockdown: An effective safeguard in responding to the threat of COVID-19. J Eval Clin Pract. 2020;26(6):1592-8.

Atalan A. Is the lockdown important to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic? Effects on psychology, environment and economy-perspective. Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021:102232.

WHO. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, 2020. Available at: emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus. Accessed on 20 March 2021.

Alfano V, Ercolano S. The Efficacy of Lockdown Against COVID-19: A Cross-Country Panel Analysis. Appl Health Econ Health Policy. 2020;18(4):509-17.

Lau H, Khosrawipour V, Kocbach P, Mikolajczyk A, Schubert J, Bania J, et al. The positive impact of lockdown in Wuhan on containing the COVID-19 outbreak in China. J Travel Med. 2020;27(3):37.

Krishan K, Kanchan T. Lockdown is an effective 'vaccine' against COVID-19: A message from India. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2020;14(6):545-6.

Khanna RC, Cicinelli MV, Gilbert SS, Honavar SG, Murthy GSV. COVID-19 pandemic: Lessons learned and future directions. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68(5):703-10.

WHO. Rolling updates on coronavirus disease (COVID-19): WHO characterizes COVID-19 as a pandemic, 2020. Available at: https://www.who. int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/events-as-they-happen. Accessed on 20 March 2021.

Suresh R, James J. Migrant Workers at Crossroads-The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Migrant Experience in India. Soc Work Public Health. 2020;35(7):633-43.

Mohan M, Mishra S. India's Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Frontal Assault on the "Historically Dispossessed". Int J Health Serv. 2021;51(1):107-14.

Irudaya RS, Sivakumar P, Srinivasan A. The COVID-19 Pandemic and Internal Labour Migration in India: A 'Crisis of Mobility'. Indian J Labour Econ. 2020;1-19.

Galesic M, Tourangeau R, Couper MP, Conrad FG. Eye-Tracking Data: New Insights on Response Order Effects and Other Cognitive Shortcuts in Survey Responding. Public Opin Q. 2008;72(5):892-913.

Blendon RJ, Koonin LM, Benson JM, Cetron MS, Pollard WE, et al. Public response to community mitigation measures for pandemic influenza. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14(5):778-86.

Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet. 2020;395(10227):912-20.

Qiu J, Shen B, Zhao M, Wang Z, Xie B, Xu Y. A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. Gen Psychiatr. 2020;33(2):100213.

Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, Ayub SH, Mohamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. PLoS One. 2020;15(5):233668.

Sibley CG, Greaves LM, Satherley N, Wilson MS, Overall NC, Lee CHJ, et al. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and nationwide lockdown on trust, attitudes toward government, and well-being. Am Psychol. 2020;75(5):618-30.

Sabat I, Neuman BS, Varghese NE, Barros PP, Brouwer W, Exel J, et al. United but divided: Policy responses and people's perceptions in the EU during the COVID-19 outbreak. Health Policy. 2020;124(9):909-18.

Peretti WP, Verger P, Launay O, COCONEL Study Group. The French general population's attitudes toward lockdown against COVID-19: a fragile consensus. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):1920.

Raude J, Caille BAL, Setbon M. The 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccination in France: who accepted to receive the vaccine and why? PLoS Curr. 2010;2: 1188.