Published: 2021-05-25

A study on nutritional status among primary school children and related co-morbidities in peri urban rural setting of India

Prashant Bhoir, Swati M. Patki, Manoj B. Patki, Jidnyasa Bhoir


Background: Objective of the research was to study the nutritional status of children and related co-morbidities among primary school children in peri-urban rural setting of Thane district of Maharashtra.

Methods: A cross sectional study with primary data collection from government primary school in peri-urban rural setting was conducted with total study duration of one year. Children between 6 and 12 years were included in study from primary school. Schools selected using lottery system and all children present on day on examination were included. Sample size estimation by formula n=4pq/l2 which was 336, but study enrolled 402 children. Anthropometric data (BMI) was analyzed using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts. Data was analyzed using Microsoft Excel, statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS)-17, differential and inferential statistics calculated and represented using tables and charts. Chi square test was used for statistical significance and finding association with various factors.

Results: The prevalence of overweight (≥85th percentile) among children was 20.83% (male), 20.95% (female) and prevalence of obesity (>95th percentile) was 14.06 % (male), 17.62% (female). Prevalence of underweight was 4.17 % (male), 4.29% (female). Female children were at greater risk of being overweight and obese.

Conclusions: Childhood obesity is a problem in peri-urban rural Thane and requires timely intervention for its control.


Childhood obesity, Overweight, Underweight, Thane, School children

Full Text:



UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank Group Joint child malnutrition estimates - levels and trends in child malnutrition-Key findings of the 2018 edition. Available at: publications/jointchildmalnutrition_2018_estimates/en/. Accessed on 01 September 2018.

Shaikh MK, Kamble N, Bhawnani D, Bele S, Rao SR. Assessment of nutritional status among school children of Karimnagar, Telangana, India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2016;4(10):4611-61.

Shivaprakash NC, Joseph RB. Nutritional Status of Rural School-Going Children (6-12 Years) of Mandya District, Karnataka. Int J Sci Stud. 2014;2(2):39-43.

Yankanchi SG, Ganganahalli P, Udgiri R, Patil SS. Assessment of nutritional status of primary school children in urban field practice area, Vijayapura. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2018;5(2):779.

Patel N, Gunjana G, Patel S, Thanvi R, Sathvara P, Joshi R. Nutrition and health status of school children in urban area of Ahmedabad, India: Comparison with Indian Council of Medical Research and body mass index standards, J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2015;6(2):372-7.

Vaidya V, Gaware SD, Murarkar SK, Mishra A, Banerjee A. Nutritional Status of Rural Indian School Children of Maharashtra. IJHSR. 2015;5(5):17-21.

Ganganahalli P, Tondare MB, Dur-gawale PM. Nutritional Assessment of Private Primary School Children in Western Maharashtra: A Cross-sectional Study. Ntl J Community Med. 2016;7(2):97-100.

Selvaraj V, Sangareddi S, Velmurugan L, Muniyappan U, Anitha FS. Nutritional status of adolescent school children in a semi-urban area based on anthropometry. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2016;3:468-72.

Dey AK, Nath AB. Nutritional status of school going children (6-15 years) in a semi-urban area of Cachar district, Assam. J Evolution Med Dent Sci. 2017;6(54):4057-62.

Mahajan PB, Purty AJ, Singh Z, Cherian J, Natesan M, Arepally S, Senthilvel V. Study of Childhood Obesity Among School Children Aged 6 to 12 Years in Union Territory of Puducherry. Indian J Comm Med. 2011;36(1):45-50.

Gokhale CN, Borgaonkar CA, Shanbhag SS, Solanki MJ, Rasal MM. Morbidity pattern among primary school children in a tribal area of Maharashtra. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2018;5(1):165-9.

Asghar SA, Gupta P, Srivastava MR, Srivastava JP, Zaidi ZH. Health status of primary school children: study from a rural health block of Lucknow. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2017;4:2498-501.

Mittal M, Chaudhary P, Chopra R, Khattar V. Oral health status of 5 years and 12 years old school going children in rural Gurgaon, India: An epidemiological study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2014;32:3-8.

Ramesh Masthi NR, Madhusudan M, Gangaboraiah. Nutritional status of school age children (6-15 years) using the new WHO growth reference in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. Nat J Res Comm Med. 2017;6(2):144-50.

Rani V, Srivastava DK, Jain PK, Kumar S, Singh NP, Dixit AM. Morbidity pattern among primary school children in a rural area of Uttar Pradesh. Natl J Comm Med. 2014:5(4).

Kausar H, Sambutwad RC, Shafee M. Prevalence of morbidity and morbidity pattern among primary school children in rural area of Jalna, Maharashtra, India. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2016;3:1623-7.

Mehrotra M, Arora S, Nagar V. Nutritional Health status of primary school children- A study in Bareilly district. Indian Educ Rev. 2011;48(1).