Published: 2021-05-25

Ethno-medicinal practices among the Toto tribe in Alipurduar, West Bengal

Akrom Sardar, Suvankar Paul, Priyabrata Mondal


Background: Ethno-medicinal practices has been widely using by the people of every corner of the world. Tribes are not exceptional from this. Totos are residing at the Alipurduar district of the state West Bengal. They strongly believe the natural resources of the earth like wind, water, fire and forest. They living totally forest oriented life. Ethno-medicine also somehow depends upon the natural resources as well as various types of plants.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design has been employed for this present study. The study has been done among the 152 families. Apart from this the data regarding various types of diseases and their curing system has been gathered through interview and observation methods. Schedule and questionnaire method has been also employed to collect data of disease pattern and their treatment system.

Results: It has been observed that 15.13%, 53.29% and 31.58% families believe on ethno-medicine, both ethno-medicine as well as modern medicine and only modern medicine accordingly.

Conclusions: Basically, the people called Ojha who practices ethno-medicine among the Toto tribe. There 5 ethno-medicinal practitioners are present who tremendously struggle to cure the patients as soon as possible by their skill and medicinal plants.



Ethno-medicine, Illness, Local self-government, Toto, White magic

Full Text:



Singh S, Singh U, Lahiri N. Ancient India New Research. Indian Historical Review. 2010;37(1):157-9.

Fransworth NR. Screening plants for new medicines. In: Wilson EO, eds. Biodiversity. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 1988: 83-97.

Kala CP. Current status of medicinal plants used by traditional vaidyas in Uttaranchal State of India. Ethnobotany Res and Appl. 2005;3:267-78.

Gao L, Wei N, Yang G, Zhang Z, Liu G, Cai C. Ethnomedicine study on traditional medicinal plants in the Wuliang Mountains of Jingdong, Yunnan, China. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2019;15(1):41.

Ghosal PK, Goswami A, Dhara KC, Quintessence of the Conventional Medicines of an endemic tribe Of West Bengal, India. Plant Archives. 2020;20(2) 5277-91.

Gohre A, Nienguesse AB, Futuro M, Neinhuis C, Lautenschlager T. Plants from disturbed savannah vegetation and their usage by Bakongo tribes in Uige, Northern Angola. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2016;12(1):42.

Ghosh AB, Banerjee G, Biswas D. Psychiatric Morbidity in A Sub-Himalayan Tribal Community: An epidemiological Study. Indian J Psychiatry. 2004;46(4):324-32.

Jain. SP, Sinha. J. Traditional Medicinal practices among the tribal people of Raigarh (Chhatisgarh), India. Indian J of Natural Produ and Resour. 2010;1:109-15.

Rahaman. CH, Karmakar S. Ethnomedicine of Santal tribe living around Susunia hill of Bankura district, West Bengal, India: The quantitative approach. J Applied Pharma Sci. 2015;5(2):127-36.

Savithramma N, Yugandhar P, Prasad KS, Ankanna S, Chetty KM. Ethnomedicinal studies on plants used by Yanadi tribe of Chandragiri reserve forest area, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2016;5(1):49-56.