Epidemiological perspectives of COVID-19 in Telangana and India: a descriptive study design

Amruta Barhate, Prakash Bhatia


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has made the world to come to a standstill. What started as on 16th March 2020, as 114 confirmed cases of COVID‑19 in the country has now reached worrisome figures. The latest world scenario as per WHO as on 30th November, 2020 is as under-World data: 62,509,444 cases, deaths: 1,458,782; USA: 13,082,877 cases, deaths: 263,946; India: 9,431,691 cases, deaths 137, 139. It is evident that worldwide India is number two in case load and there’s no reason to prevent India from becoming number one unless appropriate corrective steps are taken.

Methods: The present study has looked into various data sources available in public domain. The study covered a period of almost nine months i.e., from March 2020 to November 2020. The study revealed a steady increase in the number of COVID-19 cases from March 2020 with peak of pandemic occurring in the mid of September and then a steady decline of cases from October.

Results: The data analysis shows that after peaking of cases in September, the epidemic will decline in a phased manner by the end of March 2021. Even though there is a decline seen from the month of October, spike of COVID-19 cases was seen in November in some of the states of India. Therefore, we can’t deny the possibility of a second wave of pandemic to occur in the month of December 2020 and January 2021.

Conclusions: Hence appropriate and strict control measures have to be put in place for effective control of the Pandemic and its resurgence.


COVID-19 cases, Testing rates, Epidemic trend, Telangana and India

Full Text:



Rajgopal T. COVID-19: Epidemiology and public health aspects. Indian J Community Med. 2020;45:111-6.

Arora NK, Das MK. COVID-19 vaccine development and the way forward. Indian J Public Health. 2020;64(S2):108-11.

Sundararaman T. Health systems preparedness for COVID-19 pandemic. Indian J Public Health. 2020;64(S2):91-3.

Zodpey S, Negandhi H, Dua A, Vasudevan A, Raja M. Our fight against the rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic: A review of India’s actions and proposed way forward. Indian J Community Med. 2020;45:117-24.

Patel P, Athotra A, Vaisakh TP, Dikid T, Jain SK. NCDC COVID Incident Management Team. Impact of nonpharmacological interventions on COVID-19 transmission dynamics in India. Indian J Public Health. 2020;64(S2):142-6.

Government of India website for Corona virus updates and notifications. Available from: Accessed on 18 Dec, 2020.

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR website). Available from: Accessed on 18 Dec, 2020.

Department of Health, Medical and Family Welfare, Government of Telangana. Available from: Accessed on 18 Dec, 2020.

State wise Covid-19 cases and testing done in India. Available from: Accessed on 18 Dec, 2020.

WHO Corona virus disease (Covid-19) dashboard-Global situation. Available from: Accessed on 18 Dec, 2020.

Gupta R, Pal SK, Pandey G. A comprehensive analysis of COVID-19 outbreak situation in India. MedRxiv 2020.

Ghosh P, Ghosh R, Chakraborty B. COVID-19 in India: State-wise Analysis and Prediction. medRxiv. 2020.

Mandal M, Jana S, Nandi SK. A model-based study on the dynamics of COVID-19: Prediction and control. Chaos, Solitons, and Fractals. 2020;136:109889.

Blessy AV, Ramya Valli SA, Bhargava Narendra J. Current scenario of covid19 outbreak in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Int J Indig Herb Drug. 2020;5(4):01-10.

Bahinipati, Sekhar C, Sirohi, Rahul A, Biswal, Dinamani et al. COVID-19: Policy Interventions and Socio-economic Impact in Andhra Pradesh, India. MPRA. 2020;100501.

Laxminarayan R, Wahl B, Dudala SR, Gopal K. Epidemiology and transmission dynamics of COVID-19 in two Indian states. medRxiv. 2020.

Avhad AS, Sutar PP, Mohite OT, Pawar VS. On the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indian State of Maharashtra: Forecasting and Effect of different parameters. medRxiv. 2020.

Sadanandan R. Kerala's response to COVID-19. Indian J Public Health. 2020;64(S2):99-101.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, National Informatics Centre (NIC). Available from: php. Accessed on 18 Dec, 2020.

Mind the gap: India testing only 18K/million, US 2 lakh 77474772.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst cms. Accessed on 18 Dec, 2020.

The Lancet. COVID-19 in India: the dangers of false optimism. Lancet. 2020;396(10255):867.