Published: 2021-05-25

Swach Bharat Abhiyan: insights from students of a central university

Tazeen Shamshad, Mohammad S. Shah, Najam Khalique, Mohammad A. Ansari


Background: Sanitation has been identified as one of the important determinants of the health and hygiene since ages. Sanitation and hygiene are critical to health, survival and development. Hygiene causes a global health challenge especially in the developing world. Considering the importance of hygiene, a cleanliness drive has been started in India i.e., Swach Bharat Abhiyan (SBA). The study was conducted to assess knowledge, perception and practices regarding SBA and to know the perception between medical and non-medical students towards clean India.

Method: A cross sectional study done for a period of 5 months. A self-explanatory semi-structured questionnaire were used in this study with close ended questions. Sample size was taken as 416.

Results: 98.1% of students were aware of SBA. Only 20.9% were agreed over building infrastructure like public toilets etc. which can help to achieve clean India while all others were disagreed. 65.1% people said that there is no decrease of vector borne disease while 34.9% people said it is. The perception regarding disposal of solid waste is mainly in the community bins by the students.

Conclusions: The current study reflects that majority of the population were aware of SBA and its objective and the amount spent in SBA and the students of central university had shown positive attitudes and perception towards it to make India clean. SBA could have been much more impactful if it was clubbed with issuance of certain ordinance


SBA, Cleanliness, Health, Hygiene, Perception, Sanitation

Full Text:



Oxford Dictionaries. Hygiene Definition. 2018. Available at: https://en.oxforddictionaries. com/definition/hygiene. Accessed on 1 August 2018.

Kumwenda S. Challenges to hygiene improvement in developing countries. In the Relevance of Hygiene to Health in Developing Countries. Intech Open. 2019.

Yadav K, Naidu NK, Sreeharshika D, Harikrishna B, Malhotra V. Study to assess knowledge, perception and practices regarding Swachh Bharat Abhiyan among rural people of Nalgonda district in Telangana state. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2018;5(8):3399-405.

Hoornweg D, Bhada-Tata P. What a waste: a global review of solid waste management. 2012. Available at: Accessed on 1 August 2018

Grimm NB, Faeth SH, Golubiewski NE, Redman CL, Wu J, Bai X et al. Global change and the ecology of cities. Science. 2008;319(5864):756-60.

Jacobi PR, Besen GR. Solid waste management in São Paulo: the challenges of sustainability. Estudos avançados. 2011;25(71):135-58.

Kuberan A, Singh AK, Kasav JB, Prasad S, Surapaneni KM, Upadhyay V et al. Water and sanitation hygiene knowledge, attitude, and practices among household members living in rural setting of India. J natural sci biol med. 2015;6(1):S69.

Karan RK. Report on Impact Assessment of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Project Implemented by Aarogya Foundation India in Blocks of Jharkhand State. 2015;16-7.

Swain P, Pathela S. Status of sanitation and hygiene practices in the context of “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” in two districts of India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(11):3140-6.

Pradhan P. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and the Indian Media. J Content. Community Communication. 2017;5(3):43-51.

Utpat NJ, Bogam RR. Effect of SMART health education model on knowledge and attitudes of school students in rural area about Swachh Bharat Abhiyan of India and sanitation practices. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:582-7.

Yoada RM, Chirawurah D, Adongo PB. Domestic waste disposal practice and perceptions of private sector waste management in urban Accra. BMC public health. 2014;14(1):697.

WMA declaration of Helsinki ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. Adopted by the 18th WMA General Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, 1964. Available at: Accessed on 1 August 2018.