We burn or bury….! why not donate? A comparative study on barriers of organ donation among medical and non-medical students in Puducherry

Barathalakshmi Jagadeeson, Jaya Sheela Jayabalan, Arulprasad Radjasegarane, Sriram Sureshbabu


Background: Organ transplantation is an effective medical care for end- stage organ failure. Health professionals play an important role in raising awareness, motivating, and subsequently increasing the organ donation rates In India, "The Transplantation of Human Organs Act" was legalized in 1994. Yet, organ donation rate in India is very poor (0.34 per million) compared to developed countries. This study was done with the aim to identify the barriers of the organ donation among Medical and Non-Medical students and to compare the Knowledge, awareness and attitude towards donation among Medical and Non-Medical students.

Methods: This is a cross sectional study carried out in two months duration, by the Department of Community Medicine, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry.

Results: Among the 400 participants, 76 percent of students were aware of organ donation, out of which highest awareness (100%) among medical students and lowest (54%) were among arts and science students. Among the four streams, nursing and allied health science students reported better knowledge score of (11.09±2.18), whereas arts and science students reported a lower score of (8.94±2.73), p- value <0.05.

Conclusions: The attitude and practice towards organ donation were similar among all streams of students. But the students related to medical field had a better awareness and knowledge compared to non-medical students.


Barriers, Medical, Non-medical, Organ donation

Full Text:



Sachdeva S. Organ donation in India: Scarcity in abundance. Indian J Pub Heal. 2017;61:299–301.

Sucharitha ST, Siriki R, Dugyala RR, Mullai P, Roshini K. Organ Donation: Awareness, attitudes and beliefs among undergraduate medical students in South India. Natl J Res Community Med. 2013;2(2):79-148.

Sulania A, Sachdeva S, Jha D, Kaur G, Sachdeva R. Organ donation and transplantation: An updated overview. MAMC J Med Sci. 2016;2:18–27.

Shroff S. Legal and ethical aspects of organ donation and transplantation. Indian J Urol. 2009;25(3):348-55.

Khan N, Masood Z, Zahra S. Knowledge and attitude of people towards organ donation. Journal of University Med Dent Coll. 2011;2(2):15-21.

DeJong W, Franz HG, Wolfe, SM., Nathan H, Payne D, Reitsma W, Beasley C. Requesting organ donation: An interview study of donor and nondonor families. Am J Crit Care.1998;7(1):13–23.

Pandit RA. Brain death and organ donation in India. Indian J Anaesth. 2017;61:949-51.

Ramadurg UY, Gupta A. Impact of an educational intervention on increasing the knowledge and changing the attitude and beliefs towards organ donation among medical students. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(5):JC05.

Chakradhar K, Doshi D, Reddy BS, Kulkarni S, Reddy MP, Reddy SS. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding organ donation among Indian dental students. Int J Organ Transplant Med. 2016;7(1):28.

Balajee KL, Ramachandran N, Subitha L. Awareness and attitudes toward organ donation in rural Puducherry, India. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2016;6(5):286-90.

Saleem T, Ishaque S, Habib N, Hussain SS, Jawed A, Khan AA, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan. BMC medical ethics. 2009;10(1):5.

Sarveswaran G, Sakthivel MN, Krishnamoorthy Y, Arivarasan Y, Ramakrishnan J. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding organ donation among adult population of urban Puducherry, South India. J Edu Health Promot. 2018;7.

Dasgupta A, Shahbabu B, Sarkar K, Sarkar I, Das S, Kumar Das M. Perception of organ donation among adults: A community-based study in an urban community of West Bengal. Scholars J Appl Med Sci. 2014;2(6A):2016-1.

Manojan KK, Raja RA, Nelson V, Beevi N, Jose R. Knowledge and attitude towards organ donation in rural Kerala. Acad Med J India. 2014;2(1):25-7.

Arunachalam D, Subash Chandrabose G. Barriers and facilitators of intention to organ donation among general people in state of Puducherry: A cross sectional study. Int J Comm Med Pub Heal. 2017; 5:134.

Poreddi V, Katyayani BV, Gandhi S, Thimmaiah R, Badamath S. Attitudes, knowledge, and willingness to donate organs among Indian nursing students. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2016;27:1129-38.

Kaur S, Ghai S, Krishnan N, Rana D, Kathania D, Kaur G, et al. Knowledge, attitude and perception regarding organ donation among the nursing students. J Postgrad Med Educ Res. 2015;49:105‑10.