A study of factors influencing nutritional status of under five children in a tertiary teaching hospital
Keywords:Nutritional status, Under-five children, Overweight, Underweight
Background: Nutrition is a core pillar of human development, influences growth and development before as well as after birth, around 90% of the world undernourished children live in Asia and Africa. In India among under-five children 43% are underweight and 20% have wasting due to acute under-nutrition. The study was conducted to assess socio demographic characteristics of the family and to assess nutritional status of children attending under five clinics.
Methods:Retrospective record based data was obtained from the register of under-five clinic, MIMS, Mandya from the mothers who attended under five clinics from September 2012 - August 2013 (1 year).
Results: A total of 8506 children attended under-five clinic in the study period. 68.0% of mothers were in the 20-25 years age group. 82% of mothers had education above secondary school level, while 6.2% of mothers are illiterate. Majority of the families (88.4%) belongs to lower socio economic class and 67.9% were living in joint family. Malnutrition in the form of overweight and underweight has been observed in 2517 (74.0%) children, who were class IV SES, followed by 640 (18.8%) in class V.
Conclusions:Majority of the children attending under five clinics belongs to joint family and low socio economic status. A significant of them were malnourished have been observed in lower socio economic people.
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