DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20205722

Status of knowledge regarding school health services among school teachers: a cross sectional study from a northern Indian state

Aniruddh Ranga, J. P. Majra

Abstract


Background: School-age children spend one-third of their time in schools. Teachers are key personnel to look after the health of school children. Teachers can provide health education to school children, assess the school environment for better health outcomes, provide health care services and help in the maintenance of school health records. Aim of the study was to assess the status of knowledge of school health services (SHS) among school teachers.

Methods: Government and private schools in a Northern Indian state. A community-based cross-sectional study. It includes 50 randomly selected designated schoolteachers for SHS by the PPS methods from the schools which were functional since at least five years in the study area. A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge regarding SHS. Percentage, proportion and χ2 test were used as statistical methods. The p-value 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: 38% participants were of 41-50 years of age group, 54% were females and 48% had an experience of ≤10 years. 22% participants had training regarding SHS. 40% participants had moderately adequate knowledge (p-value=0.04). It was observed to be more among participants of rural, government, age group of 31-40 years, with experience of 21-30years, female and among trained teachers for school health.

Conclusions: School teachers were lacking in knowledge regarding environment and sanitation; communicable and non-communicable diseases; and health education for school children. We also observed that training regarding SHS was a majorly missing component which could be the reason behind poor level knowledge among schoolteachers.


Keywords


School health, School health services, Teachers knowledge, India

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO School health services. Available at https:/ /www.who.int/ maternal _child_ adolescent/ adolescence/school-health-services/en/. Accessed on 10 August 2020.

WHO What is a Health promoting School? Available at https:// www. who.int/ health- promoting schools/overview/en/ Accessed on 4 October 2020.

WHO Causes of death among adolescents. Available at https://www .who.int /maternal_ child_adolescent/ data/ causes-death-adolescents/en/. Accessed on 4 October 2020.

Rayanna D. School Health. J Sch Health. 1933;3:5-6.

Htun YM, Lwin KT, Oo NN, Soe K, Sein TT. Knowledge, attitude and reported practice of primary school teachers on specified school health activities in Danuphyu Township, Ayeyarwaddy Region, Myanmar. South East Asia J Public Heal. 2014;3:24-9.

Gowri M, Siriya S. Knowledge and practice of school teachers on health care of school children. Int J Pharma Bio Sci. 2017;8:65-9.

Adebayo AM, Makinde GI, Omode PK. Teachers’ training and involvement in school health programme in Oyo State, Southwest Nigeria. Arch Basic Appl Med. 2018;6:9-15.

Majra J, Gur A. School environment and sanitation in rural India. J Glob Infect Dis. 2010;2:109.

Abubakar AU, Awosan KJ, Ibrahim MT, Ibitoye KP. Knowledge and practice of school health program in primary and secondary schools in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. Int Arch Med Med Sci. 2009;7:87.

Saadia AG. Knowledge and view of teacher regarding school health program in two localities Khartoum, Sudan 2019. Int J Sci Basic Appl Res 2019;45:181-6.

Chavan GM, Chavan VM. Knowledge, attitude and practices of secondary school teachers regarding school health services in children. Int J Community Med Public Health 2018;5:1541.

Adebayo AM, Onadeko MO. Knowledge of school health programme among public primary school teachers in Oyo State, South-West Nigeria: a rural-urban comparative study. Afr J Reprod Health. 2015;19:55-60.

Odeyemi K, Chukwu E. Knowledge, attitude and practice of School health among primary school teachers in Ogun State, Nigeria. Niger J Paediatr. 2015;42:340.