Effect of lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of final year students of Maharashtra

Roli R. Gupta, Lohit S. Vaishnao, Shivani Shinde, Ishani Singh, Tanaya Mishra, Khushboo Sharma


Background: A pandemic is the worldwide spread of a new disease and currently COVID‑19 has become a major medical crisis. The worldwide rapid increase of infected cases has created a sense of uncertainty and anxiety about the situations and upcoming exams period. It also leads to stress amongst the students. Objectives of the study was to evaluate and analyse the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among final year students of Maharashtra using DASS-21.

Methods: It was an online survey which was conducted using Google Forms with link sent using Whatsapp. A standard DASS-21 questionnaire was used for the study. The survey questionnaire would take around 3-4 min to complete. Total 324 responses were received by the stipulated time.

Results: The study showed that the engineering final year students are more depressed than others. 34 engineering and 26 medical students were suffering from anxiety. The relationship between anxiety level and course was statistically significant. On depression scale 47% participants were suffering from mild to moderate stress.

Conclusions: Index survey suggested that the pandemic affected the preparation of the respondents to a great extent and affected their mental status negatively.


Corona virus, COVID-19, Mental health, Psychological impact, Pandemic, University exams, UGC

Full Text:



Last JM, editor. A dictionary of epidemiology, 4th edition. New York: Oxford University Press; 2001.

Kahn JS, Kenneth M. History and recent advances in coronavirus discovery. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24:223-7.

Anthony SJ, Johnson CK, Greig DJ. Global patterns in coronavirus diversity. Virus Evol. 2017;3:12.

McIntosh K, Kapikian AZ, Turner HC. Seroepidemiologic studies of coronavirus infection in adults and children. Am J Epidemiol. 1970;91:585.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2019. Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China. Information for Healthcare Professionals. Available at https:// www.cdc. gov/ coronavirus/ 2019-nCoV/ hcp/index. html. Accessed on 2020 April 11.

IJMR Research Articles on Coronavirus India and COVID-19. Special Issue on Coronavirus India and COVID-19. Available at https:// content/covid-19. Accessed on 2020 April 11.

Jeffrey G, Kai S. Modi Orders 3-Week Total Lockdown for All 1.3 Billion Indians. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.Available at Accessed on 12 August 2020.

Close schools, all religious activities, extend lockdown: States tell Centre. India Today.7 April 2020. Available at https:// www. indiatoday. in/india/story/close-schools-all-religious-activities-extend-lockdown-states-tell-centre-1664354-2020-04-07. Accessed on 12 August 2020.

Sharma, Neeta (30 May 2020). Ghosh, Deepshikha (ed.). ""Unlock1": Malls, Restaurants, Places of Worship to Reopen June 8". NDTV.Retrieved 30 May 2020. Available at https:// www. ndtv. com/ india-news/lockdown-extended-till-june-30-malls-restaurants-can-reopen-from-june-8-except-in-containment-zones-2237910. Accessed on 12 August 2020.

Final year exams canceled, announces Maharashtra CM Uddhav. Hindustan Times. June 01, 2020. Available at https:// www. hindustantimes. com/ mumbai-news/final-year-exams-cancelled-says-cm-uddhav/story-jqMpOg2HUXrbQaiFyeDAEM.html. Accessed on 10 July 2020.

UCG final year exam will be held by September, says HRD Minister. India Today. July 7, 2020. Available at https:// www. livemint. com/education/ news/ugc-final-year-exam-2020-hrd-ministry-announces-dates-check-here-11594054597876.html. Accessed on 07 July 2020.

Rabiaahab A, Temsahabc MH, Eyadhy AA, Hasan GM, Zamil FA, Subaie SA, et al. Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) associated stress among medical students at a university teaching hospital in Saudi Arabia. J Infect Public Health. 2020;13(5):687-91.

Shock, fear, and fatalism: as coronavirus prompts colleges to close, students grapple with uncertainty. Available at Mar; 2020; KafkaAC. https:// The Chronical of Higher Education. 2020. Accessed on 2020 Apr 11.

Travis T, Tam WWS, Tran BX, Zhang Min, Zhang Z, Ho CS, The global prevalence of anxiety among medical students: a meta-analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16:2735.

Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behav Res Ther. 1995;33:335-43.

Khetan MS, Jaiswal KM, Vaishno LS. Effect of lockdown due to Covid 19 pandemic on mental health of pre medical student of Maharashtra. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2020;7(9):3524-30.