Menstrual hygiene among married women: a hospital based cross-sectional study in an urban slum of Mumbai, India


  • Poonam P. Shingade Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka
  • Jaya Suryavanshi Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka
  • Yasmeen Kazi Department of Community Medicine, TNMC, Mumbai



STI/RTI, menstrual hygiene, Reuse cloth


Background: Reproductive tract an infection which has become a silent epidemic that devastates women’s life is closely interrelated with poor menstrual hygiene. The aim and objective of the study was to know the pattern of various menstrual hygiene practices and its association with STI/RTI among married females.

Methods:A cross sectional study was carried out in STI/RTI Clinic of Urban Health Centre, Shivaji Nagar, Govandi, Mumbai, involving total 273 married females who attended OPD from January to March 2012. Patients were interviewed on the basis of pretested and preformed questionnaire. Confirmation of STI/RTIs was based on the symptoms as well as disease specific laboratory investigations.

Results: About 35 (79.5%) females presented with STI/RTI who were practicing sex during menstruation. Problem of STI/RTI was found less in 143 (60.9%) those practicing shaving of pubic hair. Other personal hygiene practices during menses like washing genitals with soap and water, taking bath during menses were found to be helpful in reducing these infections. STI/RTIs were low in 32 (55.7%) females who were using disposable pads as compared to 95 (71.4%) females who were using reuse cloth during menses. Cleaning practices of reuse cloth were significantly associated with STI/RTI.

Conclusions:The menstrual hygiene practices and its frequency associated with STI/RTI.


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How to Cite

Shingade, P. P., Suryavanshi, J., & Kazi, Y. (2017). Menstrual hygiene among married women: a hospital based cross-sectional study in an urban slum of Mumbai, India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 3(1), 57–61.



Original Research Articles