A qualitative perinatal audit at a rural health facility in Eldoret, Kenya

Kimbley Omwodo


Background: Objectives of the study were to ascertain the pattern of occurrence of perinatal mortality by applying the World Health Organization (WHO), International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision (ICD-10) to deaths during the perinatal period, ICD perinatal mortality (ICD-PM), following the introduction of a qualitative perinatal audit process at a rural health facility in Kenya.

Methods: A single centre retrospective analysis demonstrating the application of the WHO, ICD-PM. Data pertaining to perinatal deaths for the period from 1st May 2017 to 31st August 2018 was obtained from Plateau Mission Hospital perinatal audit records.

Results: There were 22 perinatal deaths during the study period, 17 were included in the study. The overall perinatal death rate was 11 per 1000 births. Antepartum deaths were as a consequence of fetal growth related problems (33.3%), infection (33.3%) or unexplained (33.3%) with pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders (gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia) being the most frequent medical condition associated with the mortalities. Neonatal deaths (47.1%) were the most frequent in the study and were a consequence of low birth weight and prematurity (25.0%), Convulsions and disorders of cerebral status (25.0%). The maternal condition in most of these cases being complications of placenta, cord and membranes. Acute intrapartum events and were least in this setting accounting for 17.4% of deaths.

Conclusions: The ICD-PM is generalizable and its use in perinatal death classification emphasises focus on both mother and baby. Our study showed the majority of perinatal deaths occurred in the early neonatal period & affected mostly preterm infants.



Kenya, Perinatal audit, Perinatal mortality, Rural facility

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