Impact of sensitization programme on reproductive health awareness among adolescent girls residing in a shelter home (Snehalay) Ahmednagar

Saili U. Jadhav, Shubhada S. Avachat


Background: Adolescents comprise one-fifth of India's total population. Knowledge on reproductive health at adolescent age is essential to build their foundation of healthy reproductive practices in the future and to lower the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.

Methods: An interventional study was done on 51 adolescent girls at a shelter home (Snehalaya). Informed consent was obtained from the concerned authorities. Data was collected by interview technique with the help of a structured questionnaire prepared by literature search. Response of adolescents was recorded through their answers to the questionnaires. Intervention was done in the form of sensitization lecture with the help of audio visuals and educational posters. The same questionnaire was again interviewed and the impact of intervention was assessed. Statistical analysis of data was done using percentage, proportion and appropriate tests of significance.

Results: In our study we found the average age of menarche of the girls to be 12-14 years, but as several of the girls came from unhealthy backgrounds, they had several menstrual problems like dysmenorrhea, irregular menses. Three of the girls had not experienced menses after 14 years of age. After the sensitization lecture, 56% of the girls were able to write the names of the reproductive organs in the female genital tract. 85% of the girls were able to name the hazards of teenage pregnancy. All adolescents need access to quality youth-friendly services provided by clinicians trained to work with this population. Sex education programs should offer accurate, comprehensive information while building skills for negotiating sexual behaviors.

Conclusions: Hence from our project we identified the unmet need of awareness regarding reproductive health amongst adolescent girls and we tried to meet those needs by providing sensitization.


Adolescent girls, Reproductive health, Impact of intervention, Shelter home

Full Text:



Macmillan P. Macmillan Dictionary for Students. In: Halsey WD, ed. Simon and Schuster Books for Young Readers; 1984: 456.

Adolescence. Merriam-Webster. 1828.

Puberty and adolescence. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Medline Plus. Accessed on 22 April 2019.

Park k, Park's textbook of preventive and social medicine. 20th ed. Jabalpur: Bhanot Publishers; 2009: 511-512.

Kumar R, Raizada A, Aggarwal AK, Kaur M. Adolescent behaviour regarding reproductive health. Indian J Pediat-rics. 2000;67(12):877-82.

Jain K, Garg SK, Singh JV, Bhatnagar M, Chopra H, Bajpai SK. Reproductive health of adolescent girls in an urban population of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh. Health and population: Perspectives Issues. 2009;32(4):204-9.

Shanbhag D, Shilpa R, D'Souza N, Josephine P, Singh J, Goud BR. Perceptions regarding menstruation and practices during menstrual cycles among high school going adolescent girls in resource limited settings around Bangalore city, Karnataka, India. Int J Collaborative Res Intern Med Public Health. 2012;4(7):1353.

Kapoor R, Kishore J, Gupta N. Awareness about contraceptive practices among youths in Delhi. Health Popul Per-spect Issues. 2008;31(1):52-62.

Avachat SS, Phalke DB, Phalke VD. Impact of sex education on knowledge and attitude of adolescent school chil-dren of Loni village. J Indian Med Assoc. 2011;109(11):808-10.

Chadalawada UR. Assessment of menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent girls. Stanley Med J. 2016;3(1):13-6.

Ahmed R, Yesmin K. Menstrual hygiene: breaking the silence, beyond construction use by all. IRC International Water and Sanitation Center and Water Aid. 2008;283-7.

Singh MM, Devi R, Gupta SS. Awareness and health seeking behaviour of rural adolescent school girls on menstru-al and reproductive health problems. Indian J Med Sci. 1999;53(10):439-43.

Atuyambe L, Mirembe F, Annika J, Kirumira EK, Faxelid E. Seeking safety and empathy: adolescent health seek-ing behavior during pregnancy and early motherhood in central Uganda. J Adolescence. 2009;32(4):781-96.

Khanna A, Goyal RS, Bhawsar R. Menstrual practices and reproductive problems: a study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan. J Health Manag. 2005;7(1):91-107.

Bhende AA. A study of sexuality of adolescent girls and boys in underprivileged groups in Bombay. Indian J Soc Work. 1994;55(4):557-71.

Tiwari H, Oza UN, Tiwari R. Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about menarche of adolescent girls in Anand district, Gujarat. East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12(3-4):428-33.

Agrawal S, Fatma A, Singh CM. A study of knowledge and attitude of adolescent girls towards reproductive health and related problems. Indian J Prevent Soc Med. 2007;38(1-2):36-41.