Health profile of school dropout children in slums of the municipal corporation area of a city

Vishal Samadhan Dhande, R. D. Gadekar, M. K. Doibale, P. L. Gattani, V. K. Domple, I. F. Inamdar


Background: Though the school health services cater to health needs to an extent, the children who drop out of schools lose on this count. These children never derive the attention for the reason of school dropouts nor are they covered under any major health programs pertaining to their health problems. The objective of the study were to study health profile of the school dropout children aged 7–16 years residing in the slums of municipal corporation area of Nanded city; to study socio-demographic factors of the families of these school dropout children.

Methods: It was a community based cross-sectional study carried out in urban slums of Municipal Corporation of the Nanded city in Maharashtra on the children of age group 7 to 16 who dropped out from the school. Total 455 study subjects were studied by using simple random sampling method. A pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect information on socio demographic variables. Thorough clinical examination of each subject was carried out.

Results: The mean age of study subjects was 14.2 (±1.9 SD) years. Out of total 455 study subjects, 264 (58%) were boys and 191 (42%) were girls. 11.20% study subjects were having skin infections, 25.71% were having dental caries, 3.29% were having ear impairment, 9.89% were having visual impairment, and 1.31% was having stammering of speech.

Conclusions: Anaemia, skin infections, dental caries, visual impairment were major health problems noted in the school dropped out children. Poor socioeconomic status, religion, type of family, more number of children in the family was some sociodemographic factors responsible for school dropout.



School dropout, Health profile, Slum area

Full Text:



Mishra PM, Abdul Azeez EP. Family Etiology of School Dropouts: A Psychosocial Study. Int J Language Linguistics. 2014;1(1):21-5.

Sateesh Gouda M, Sekher TV. Factors Leading to School Dropouts in India: An Analysis of National Family Health Survey-3 Data. J Res Method Educ. 2014;4(6):75-83.

Siddiqui MH. The Problems of School Drop Outs among Minorities with Special Reference to Muslims in India; Int J Manag Social Sci Res. 2013;2(1):4-9

Joy J, Srihari M. A Case study on the School dropout Scheduled Tribal students of Wayanad District, Kerala. Res J Educational Sci. 2014;2(3):1-6.

Choudhury A. Revisiting Dropouts Old Issues Fresh Perspectives, Economic and Political Weekly. 2006;41(51):8-9.

Educational statistics at a glance, Government of India Ministry of Human Resource Development Bureau Of Planning, Monitoring & Statistics New Delhi, 2014. Available at: files/mhrd/files/statistics/EAG2014_0.pdf. Accessed on 04 July 2015.

Hardikar N. City profile - Nanded Municipal Corporation, All India Institute of Local Self-Government for Support to National Policies for Urban Poverty Reduction. Available at: http:// 08/nanded-city-profile.pdf Accessed on 15 November 2015.

Chigari P, Angolkar M, Sharma M, Faith W, Ashokkumar BR. Determinants Of Reasons For School Drop-Outs In Urban Areas Of Belagavi. J Humanities Social Sci. 2015;20(5):73-7.

Khokhar A, Garg S, Bharti N. Determinants of Reasons of School Drop-outs Amongst Dwellers of an Urban Slum of Delhi. Indian J Community Med. 2005;30(3):92-3.

Umadevi L, KavithaKiran V. Profile of out of school children in Telangana. Int J Humanities Social Sci Invent. 2015;4(10):25-9.

Chugh S. Dropout in Secondary Education:A Study of Children Living in Slums of Delhi, National University of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi, 2011.

Phani MKV, Anil KB. A study on morbidity pattern of school children aged 5-15yrs in an urban area of Guntur. J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2013;2(34):6566-72.

Anurag S, Syed EM, Payal MS, Ved PS, Bhushan K. Nutritional status of school-age children – A scenario of urban slums in India, Archives of Public Health. 2012;70:1-8.

Kakkar R, Kandpal SD, Aggarwal P. Health status of children under school health services in Doiwala Block, Dehradun, Indian Journal of Community Health. 2012;24(1):45-48.

Sivaiah T. A study of health status profiles of children of welfare hostels in rural health centre, tadikonda area of Guntur district. Int J Res Health. Sci. 2014;2(1):26-9.

Devi P, Srigiri S. Morbidity profile of children [6-11 years] attending Municipal Corporation Primary Schools in Visakhapatnam city, Andhra Pradesh. J Dent Med Sci. 2015;14(11):118-22.