A cross sectional study to assess the knowledge and response to dog bite among the urban and rural population of Hubballi taluk

Maneesha Godbole, Anjana Ramachandra Joshi, Dattatraya D. Bant


Background: Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease of the central nervous system, most commonly caused by the bite of rabid dogs. Globally canine rabies causes 59,000 human deaths, over 3.7 million DALYs and 8.6 billion USD economic losses annually. These losses are due to a lack of knowledge about wound management and post-exposure prophylaxis. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge and practices following dog bite and its management among the urban and rural population.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the field practice area of KIMS, Hubli. 120 households of the urban and rural locality were interviewed with a semi-structured pretested questionnaire.

Results: Overall 89.16% of the study population was aware that the disease can be prevented by vaccination. 35% of the rural and 28% of the urban population believed that the disease can spread from person to person. The knowledge about the site and the number of doses of vaccine was poor among both the population. The harmful practices for treatment of bite were still prevalent among both rural (25%) and urban (8.3%) population.

Conclusions: The knowledge about the dog bite management and Rabies prevention is insufficient among both populations. There are myths and misconceptions about the disease and wound management. Practices like application of harmful substances like lime, turmeric, mud are the problems hindering rabies prevention and control. Proper steps need to be taken up to control the canine rabies.


Rabies, Myths, Misconceptions, Dog-bite, Post-exposure prophylaxis

Full Text:



WHO. Zero by 30 : The Global Strategic Plan to Prevent Human Deaths from Dog-Transmitted Rabies by 2030. 2015: 0–1. Available at: Accessed on 3 October 2018.

Acharya AS, Kaur R, Lakra K. Rabies epidemiology and control in India: a review. J Commun Dis. 2012;44(2):59–69.

WHO, OIE. Human and dog rabies vaccines and immunoglobulins: report of a meeting. Glob Elimin Dog-Mediated Hum Rabies. 2015: 1–19. Available at: 1/%0AWHO_HTM_NTD_NZD_2015.11_eng.pdf. Accessed on 3 October 2018.

Park K. Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 24 ed. India: 2017: 660.

Bourhy H, Dautry-Varsat A, Hotez PJ, Salomon J. Rabies, still neglected after 125 years of vaccination. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010;4(11):4–6.

Sekhon AS, Singh At, Kaur P, Gupta S. Misconceptions and Myths in the Management of Animal Bite Cases. Indian J Community Med. 2002;27:9–11.

States M, Strategic WHO, Group A, Grade T, Sage T. Weekly epidemiological record Relevé épidémiologique hebdomadaire. 2017;34:477–500.

Director General of Health Services G of I. National Rabies Control Programme (Zoonosis Division). 2014;1. Available at: ReadData/userfiles/file/National Rabies Control Programme.pdf. Accessed on 3 October 2018.

Control and elimination strategies [Internet]. World Health Organization. Available at: Accessed on 12 June 2019.

World Health Organisation. Educate, Vaccinate, Eliminate: Achieving zero human deaths from dog- transmitted rabies by 2030. World Heal Organ. 2016.

Chandan N, Kotrabasappa K. Awareness of animal bite and rabies among agricultural workers in. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2016;3(7):1851–5.

Tripathy RM, Satapathy SP, Karmee N. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding rabies and its prevention among construction workers: a cross-sectional study in Berhampur, Odisha. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5(9):3971.

Kamble B, Panesar, Das A, Roy N, Yadav G, Khokhar A, et al. Research Article Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Related To Animal Bites Among The Residents Of An Urbanized Village In South Delhi. 2016;5(3):2164–8.

Valekar S, Kshirsagar M, Ashturkar M, Mhaske M, Chawla P, Fernandez K. A cross-sectional study of awareness regarding dog bite and its management in rural community of Maharashtra. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2014;1(1):8.

Kakrani V, Jethani S, Bhawalkar J. Awareness about dog bite management in rural population. Indian J Community Health. 2013;25(3):304-8.