Influence of video modelling to the toileting skill at toddler


  • Ika Nurfajriyani Faculty of Medicine, UGM, Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia
  • YayiSuryo Prabandari Medical Faculty, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Java, Indonesia
  • Lely Lusmilasari Medical Faculty, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Java, Indonesia



Toddler, Toileting skill, Toilet training, Video modelling


Background: Toileting skill was a task of toddler development should be achieved well. Toileting skills consist of vocabulary and signs, bowel control, bladder control, and another aspect. Toddler was in the preoperational phase, so that required media to learn toileting skill that can provide a concrete description of information. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of video modeling to the toileting skill of toddler.

Methods: The study was a quantitative quasi experimental with control group pretest-post-test design. The study was conducted in August-September 2015 on 20 respondents aged 24-36 months were selected through purposive sampling. Respondents were divided into groups of video modeling and verbal technique. Measurements were made with toileting skills questionnaire adopted from the Royal College of Nursing (2013) and toilet training guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (2004). Toileting skills bivariate analysis used paired t-test and independent t-test with a significance level of 95% (p <0.05).

Results: The results showed, mean improvement in toileting skills on video modeling group was at 26.00±9.381, while the mean improvement of toileting skills in verbal technique group was at 6.20±3.967. Video modeling impact on the increase in toileting skill higher than verbal technique with the difference in the mean difference of 19.800±3.221 (p <0.001).

Conclusions: Video modelling significantly influenced the increase in toileting skill of toddler, Specially bowel control.


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How to Cite

Nurfajriyani, I., Prabandari, Y., & Lusmilasari, L. (2017). Influence of video modelling to the toileting skill at toddler. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 3(8), 2029–2034.



Original Research Articles