DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20162039

Profile of dog bite cases attending the outpatient department of an urban health training centre in Bangalore city, India

Karthik C., Viswanatha P. G., . Shobha, Ranganath T. S., Sushmitha P.

Abstract


Background: Human rabies, a viral zoonotic disease, primarily involving the central nervous system is transmitted by the bites or licks of canines especially dogs. It almost always culminates in death demanding prompt intervention in the form of vaccines and immunoglobulins.  Despite availability of such preventive measures, compliance at times is not satisfactory. This study was conducted to know the profile of dog bite cases and estimate the compliance of the same attending the outpatient department (OPD) in an Urban Health Training Center (UHTC) in the field practice area of Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute (BMCRI).

Methods:  It is a retrospective record based study conducted from April 2013 to March 2014 in the UHTC in the field practice area of BMCRI, among all the dog bites cases who attended the OPD.

Results: Of the total 637 cases, 461(72.4%) were males and 176 (27.6%) were females. Most of the cases 192 (30.14%) were less than 15 years of age. Of the 637 cases, 119 were of category 1 bites and the remaining 518 which included 132 category 2 cases and 386 category 3 cases actually required vaccination. A total of 218 cases had taken all the 4 doses of intradermal vaccination and the remaining 351 were only partially immunized with 138 cases receiving the 1st dose, 87 the 2nd and 126 the 3rd dose.

Conclusions: Men are more affected as they are more out in the open to earn a livelihood for their family. 


Keywords


Dog bite, Rabies, Vaccination, Awareness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Park’s Text book of preventive and social medicine. 23rd ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas bhanot; 2015:276.

World Health Organization. Fact sheet Rabies. World Health Organization; 2014. Available at: http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/ factsheets/ fs099/en/.

Suraweera W, Morris SK, Kumar R, Warrell DA, Warrell MJ, Jha P. Million Death Study Collaborators. Deaths from symptomatically identifiable furious rabies in India: a nationally representative mortality survey. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(10):e1847.

Kishore J. National health programs of India. 11th ed. New Delhi: Century Publications; Chapter 8. 2014:444.

Rahman SA. Animal Welfare: Dog population management in rabies control in India. Paper presented at 18th FAVA Congress 28th-30th November, 2014 Singapore. Singapore: FAVA Congress; 2014. Available at: http://fava2014.com/ wp-content/ uploads/ 2014/12/Sponsored-by-OIE_One-Health_Abdul-Rahman-Sira.pdf.

Tiwari R, Marathe N, Srivastava D. A retrospective analysis of the patients attending anti-rabies clinic at J.A. Group of Hospitals, Gwalior. APCRI Journal. 2009;11(1):24-6.

Modi BK. A review of attendance trend of animal bite cases in the private antirabies clinic, at Kukarwada town in North Gujarat. APCRI Journal. 2009;10(2):27-8.

Rohi KR, Mankeshwar R. Intradermal antirabies vaccination: a technique to increase compliance. Indian J Appl Res. 2014;4(6):371-2.