Utilization pattern of social welfare schemes among women beedi workers in comparison with non-beedi workers


  • Vijayalaxmi Mangasuli Department of Community Medicine, SDMCMSH, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
  • Mayur S. Sherkhane Department of Community Medicine, SDMCMSH, Dharwad, Karnataka, India




Beedi, Below poverty line, Slums, Social security, Workers, Urban


Background: Social security is basic fundamental human right, felt need and demand of the people for their wellbeing in the society, its fulfillment will contribute in achieving various developmental goals of the nation. In India, beedi industry has one of the largest employers of workers, after agriculture and construction, of which most of them are from socioeconomically backward populations living in urban slums and these people are the one who utilize social welfare and healthcare schemes to the highest level. Thus this study was done to know socio-demographic profile and utilization pattern of social welfare schemes among women working as beedi workers in comparison with non-beedi workers.

Methods: Community based cross sectional study among 100 beedi workers and 100 non-beedi workers residing in urban slums, for a period of three months. House to house survey was done and utilization pattern of social welfare schemes were noted.

Results: Of the 200 women, maximum 34% beedi workers and 30% non-beedi workers were in the age group of 30-39 years, 90% beedi workers and 66% non-beedi workers were illiterates and 62% beedi worker as well as 82% non-beedi worker belonged to nuclear family. 54% and 42% were from class IV socioeconomic status. 96% of beedi workers were utilizing BPL services compared to 84% of non-beedi workers (χ2=5.355, df=3, p=0.005). In addition, 78% beedi workers were utilizing health and education benefit from beedi worker welfare fund scheme. 68% of the beedi workers were utilizing BPL services, inspite their monthly income was more than 1000Rs compared to 54% non-beedi workers whose monthly income was less than 1000Rs, which was found to be statistically significant (χ2=22.33, df=1, p<0.0001). It was found that years of employment and working hours also had significant impact in utilizing these services.

Conclusions: Better utilization of social welfare services was seen among beedi workers because of the awareness present in their working environment compared to non-beedi workers. There is need to emphasize women living in urban slums to utilize social services to the maximum extent for their welfare and better life.


Ramakrishnappa V, Harish P, Vishwanatha. Women workers in beedi industry: a study on economics of beedi rolling in Dakshin Kannada district of Karnataka. Contemporary Research in India. 2010;4(2):50-6.

ILO Department of Labour Karnataka. The beedi sector in India: An overview-Improving working condition and employment opportunities for women workers in beedi industry, 2001. Avaialble at https://www.scribd.com/ doc/ 95519427/ The-Beedi-Industry-in-India-An-Overview. Accessed on 13 September 2016.

Sabale RV, Kowli SS, Chowdhary PH. Working conditions and health hazards in beedi rollers residing in urban slums of Mumbai. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2012;16(2):72-4.

Purakait SK, Sardar BK. Occupational health hazards of women beedi workers in rural India. Inter J Sci, Eng Techno Res. 2015;4(5):1496-501.

Madheswaran S, Rajasekhar D, Gayathridevi KG. Production relations, employment and wages: a study of beedi industry in Karnataka. Ind J Lab Econ. 2006;49(4):643-60.

Ministry of Labour and Employment. Welfare of beedi workers. Seventeenth Report 2010-11. Available at: https://www.yumpu.com /en/ document/ view/37759905/standing-committee-on-labour-2010-11-fifteenth-lok-. Accessed on 13 September 2016.

Yajurvedi VP. Social security in India: some critical issues. Labour and Development. 2012;19(2):1-32.

Reddy MS, Naidu VB. Welfare schemes of beedi workers in India. Golden Research Thougts. 2015;4(10):1-7.

Murugan V, Venkatesh C. A study on socio-economic conditions of female beedi workers in Karugamputhur village, Vellore district. Ind Str Res J. 2014;4(9):1-5.

Buvaneswari GM, Sridevi T. Health problems of women beedi workers. Cauv Res J. 2008;2(1);24-8.

Madhusudan M, Patil D, Jayaram S. Occupational health profile of beedi workers in costal Karnataka. National J Comm Med. 2014;5(2):157-60.




How to Cite

Mangasuli, V., & Sherkhane, M. S. (2016). Utilization pattern of social welfare schemes among women beedi workers in comparison with non-beedi workers. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 3(11), 3266–3270. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20163948



Original Research Articles